Filing Requirements

Filing Type: National Phase Entry PCT National Phase Entry
Deadline: 31 months
Power of Attorney: Yes
Assignments: No
Language: English
Translation Extension: N/A
Excess Claims Fee: No
Examination Request: Optional at filing or deferred
Country Notes: • ARIPO member states: Botswana, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Somalia*, Sudan, Eswatini (Swaziland), Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

* Is also a member of ARIPO but cannot be designated at this time.

• Applicant must designate member states where protection is required. The total of the official fees paid is directly linked to the number of member states designated.

Filing Requirements

Filing Type: Direct Filing Direct Filing
Deadline: 12 months
Power of Attorney: Yes
Assignments: Yes
Language: English
Excess Claims Fee: No
Examination Request: Optional at filing or deferred
Country Notes: • A certified copy of the Priority Document along with a certified English translation of the Priority Document (in case of non-English language) must be submitted within three months of the filing date.

• Assignments are required for Paris Convention filings in ARIPO even though they are not required for PCT cases.

Spoor & Fisher

Established: 1920

Number of Professional Staff: 70+

National Phase Entry RWS PCT agent in Angola, ARIPO, Kenya, Nigeria, OAPI and South Africa
Direct Filing RWS Direct (Paris Convention) agent in ARIPO, Ethiopia, OAPI and South Africa

Spoor & Fisher has been a specialist IP firm since its formation in 1920. The firm provides legal services throughout Africa, the Middle East and the Caribbean, and has a proud tradition of having been involved in many of the leading patent, trademark and copyright cases in South Africa. Spoor & Fisher has offices in Jersey (Channel Islands), Johannesburg, Cape Town and Pretoria, in South Africa. The firm also has an extensive network of local associates across the African continent.

Spoor & Fisher specializes in all aspects of intellectual property law, including patents, trademarks, copyright and designs, related litigation, commercial transactions, due diligence and portfolio management.


• Biotechnology
• Chemical Science
• Electrical
• Information Technology
• Mechanical & Mining
• Nanotechnology
• Pharmaceutical
• Software

Contact Information


South Africa:
11 Byls Bridge Boulevard,
Building No. 14,
Highveld Ext 73,
Centurion 0157, Pretoria,
South Africa

Angola, ARIPO, Ethiopia, OAPI, Nigeria, Kenya:
Africa House,
11 Castle Street,
St Helier, Jersey JE2 3RP,
Channel Islands British Isles